Causative-Passive Forms

The causative-passive form is used for the passive form of causative sentences.

How to derive the Causative-passive form:

If you are familiar with the formation of the causative verbs, then you need to know only one thing, which is to change the final る of the causative form to られる.

If you need to review the causative form and then add the passive form to it, then the following are the rules for deriving the causative-passive form:

  • Group 1: Change the final る to させられる
  • Group 2: Change the final vowel u to a and add せられる
  • Group 3: くる→こさせられる、する→させられる

There is no Causative-Passive when the verb has no causative forms.

Consider the single vowel u (う) at the end of certain verbs such as kau (かう) as having the hidden consonant w before the vowel u. In other words, the original form of kau (かう) is ka(w)u. The causative-passive form of かう therefore is かわせられる rather than かあせられる.

How to use the form:

When the Topic is made to do something by someone else, you can use the causative-passive, as in the following way:

学生 先生 にたくさん 作文 かせられます。
'The students are made to write many compositions by the teacher.'

  • Select the verb form that you want to see the conjugation rules for.
  • To see an explanation of verb groups, click on the top link to "Verb Conjugation Groups"

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